The Danger of Community Failure: Conditions for Solidary Behaviour in Modern Market Societies
Josef Brüderl, Universität Mannheim, Coordinator
Ad van Deemen, Radboud University Nijmegen
Siegwart Lindenberg, University of Groningen
Michael Macy, Cornell University
Werner Raub, Utrecht University, Coordinator
Frans Stokman, University of Groningen
Thomas Voss, Universität Leipzig
Rafael Wittek, University of Groningen
The research theme group studied the role of solidarity in modern market societies. Solidarity can be conceived as a pattern of behavior within groups: helping others in need, contributing to common goods, resisting the temptation to breach agreements at the expense of others, taking not more than a “fair share” in situations in which costs and benefits are divided (sharing situations), and being willing to make up when things went wrong against one’s intentions (mishap situations). All these situations can be seen as different manifestations of social dilemmas where short-term benefits and costs have to be evaluated against long-term ones. Solidary behavior is not confined to individuals, but applies also to other social actors as organizations and governmental agencies.
The work of the research group focused on three areas:
- the micro foundations of solidarity;
- the link of the micro foundations of solidarity to the analysis of solidary behavior in various substantive fields, namely, informal settings (communities), markets, and collective decision making; and
- the theory-guided development of designs and measurement instruments for large scale data analysis of solidary behavior.